a. Historical Summary
The origin of the Japanese Spitz is said to be from large and medium
sized white spitz dogs (White German Spitz and other similar spitz
breeds from America, North-East Europe and Asia) brought to Japan
beginning from around 1915.
In the year 1921 some white spitz were exhibited for the first time
at a dog show in Tokyo.
Canada and, until around 1936, further imports arrived in Japan
Australia and East Russia (through Manchuria).
drawn up in 1948 by the Japan Kennel Club and finally approved
Characteristics of the breed
is a typical medium sized spitz (not a toy dog !): The height at the
withers of the male specimens usually ranges from 33 to 37 cm, a
little less (30 to 34 cm) for the
supported by profuse and soft undercoat. The tail is of medium
length, has a rich fringe of long hair and is curled
over the back.
The skull looks in general less
round-shaped than in the German
It is considerably broad at the occiput
as in the Samoyed, but less full and
The teeth are particularly strong and
the jaws normally close in a scissor bite.
The eyes are dark in colour, very
expressive, oval-shaped and set rather
obliquely. The ears are rather small, triangular-shaped and perfectly
erect, facing forward. Intense black pigmentation on the nose,
muzzle tip, lips, eye rims and foot pads creates notable contrast with
white of the coat.
watch dog, today it is first and foremost a wonderful companion dog
by virtue of its attractive appearance and particularly affectionate
nature. Moreover, its strong and healthy constitution and the lack of
specific physical weaknesses make it an easy to care dog. Contrary
to one may think, the gorgeous white coat of this dog does not
require either lot of bathing or complicated and time-wasting
therefore just a few baths per year and brushing/combing
two-three times a week are more than enough to keep the coat in
Though neither aggressive nor inclined to biting, the Japanese Spitz
keeps a constant and careful watch of the house and the territory.
It sometimes displays above average liveliness and noisiness but
behaves in general as a very intelligent and alert member of the
The extraordinary affection it feels towards its owner is of strong
and possessive nature, but expressed in many delicate and tiny ways
and with loving
everyone who approaches it. Its handsome appearance like that of
small-sized, snow-white arctic dog (it is often improperly called
"the mini-samoyed") is complemented by very peculiar
Marked sense of property as well as strong personality lacking in
submissiveness make this dog assume the role of true protagonist
in the family right from puppyhood.
rather then instinctive
This creates new situations of cohabitation even for
long-experienced dog fanciers and it is common occurrence
that people who have had a Japanese Spitz as their pet are no
longer able to find the
satisfaction with any other